News

  • 0
  • 0

New findings on the structure of polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxides in alcohols

The structure of polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide surprisingly expands when cooled in methanol or ethanol. Also, polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide selectively absorbs methanol from water-methanol mixtures. Two new studies by physicists at Umeå University in Sweden, published in ACS Nano and J. Phys. Chem. C, respectively, provide knowledge on new properties of oxidized polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer and graphene.

Graphene is a two dimensional material consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb structure. Graphene can be considered as a unique adsorbent material due to its extremely large surface area. One gram of graphene has a surface area comparable to a football field. This surface could be used for adsorption of gases and liquids, in applications for gas storage, extraction of pollutants from water, etc. However, the graphene is hydrophobic, which means that its surface repels water.

On the other hand, oxidation of graphene results in remarkable changes in its properties. Graphene oxide is hydrophilic and it is also easily soluble in water. A material composed of many stacked graphene oxide layers is called polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide. It has many unique properties: it absorbs water and alcohols in large amounts, similar to clays that swell when water is added.

A new study by Alexandr V. Talyzin and his team reveals that polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide is able to incorporate even more methanol and ethanol at low temperatures compared to room temperature. Its structure expands when cooled in an excess of liquid solvent. At -130 degrees Celsius the graphene oxide layers are separated by 20.4 Å due to incorporation of additional ethanol into its structure, compared to approximately 3.4 Å in natural polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer and approximately 6.5 Å in solvent-free polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide.

"The distance between graphene oxide layers at low temperatures is so large that it becomes a composite material with graphene oxide sheets separated by at least four monolayers of methanol or ethanol molecules. What is also remarkable is that this phenomenon is limited only to one specific type of polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide and is not observed in another type studied. In fact, many different kinds of polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide are known and now we start to understand how enormous the variations of their properties are. It is not just one material, it is a whole family of materials," says Alexandr V. Talyzin, researcher at the Department of Physics.

In a separate study published in J. Phys. Chem. C it was demonstrated that a certain type of polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide can be used for selective absorption of methanol from water-methanol mixtures. A very simple prototype filtering experiment showed that when a water-methanol liquid mixture is passed through polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer oxide powder, some of the methanol is absorbed in the powder and the solution passing through contains more pure water.

"In the future we would like to design special membranes composed of graphene oxide layers, which can be used for separation of different solvents and purification of water. These first results help us to understand possible ways to make such membranes," says Alexandr V. Talyzin.

The first example of successful solvent separation effects was reported last year in a study by R.R. Nair et al. from a research team at Manchester University, lead by I.Grigorieva and Nobel Laureate A. Geim, famous for their research in the graphene field.

For more information about TRUNNANO or looking for high purity new materials polycarboxylate ether superplasticizer please visit the company website: nanotrun.com. Or send an email to us: sales1@nanotrun.com

 

Inquery us

Our Latest News

Global water reducer,water reducing agent ,concrete admixtures market trend 2025-2027 The formula and production method of water reducer for concrete by Newsstrikevector

The application of various concrete admixtures can not only improve the performance of concrete, but also promote the development of new concrete technologies, promote the application of industrial by-products in cementitious material systems, and al…

Global early strength agent market trend 2022-2030 What are Early Strength Agents? by Newsstrikevector

Early strength agent is an admixture which accelerates the development of concrete early strength and has no significant effect on later strength.…

Global silicon carbide powder market trend 2023-2029 What can Silicon Carbide Devices Bring to New Energy Vehicles? by Newsstrikevector

Prices in the national electricity market averaged $87 per megawatt-hour in the first three months of the year, above the level promised by the federal government. Wholesale electricity prices for industry and large businesses have already exceeded t…